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pyrositshere:

mastercreart:

leg refences

Reblogging this not only for artists but also for people who write werewolf (and other animal transformation) fiction.  If a human turned into a wolf, their knee joints would not reverse— what some fic writers mistake for the knee is actually the ankle.  A wolf’s hind feet are relatively long, and they are always walking in way roughly analogous to human “tip-toeing.”

pyrositshere:

mastercreart:

leg refences

Reblogging this not only for artists but also for people who write werewolf (and other animal transformation) fiction.  If a human turned into a wolf, their knee joints would not reverse— what some fic writers mistake for the knee is actually the ankle.  A wolf’s hind feet are relatively long, and they are always walking in way roughly analogous to human “tip-toeing.”

(via helpfulharrie)

coffeeandcockatiels:

paperbeatsscissors:

the struggle is real


Tiniest foot tutorial. Can add toes or just have shoe. Is good. Have day.

coffeeandcockatiels:

paperbeatsscissors:

the struggle is real

Tiniest foot tutorial. Can add toes or just have shoe. Is good. Have day.

(via artist-refs)

Plenty of anatomy and color references by the artist Incase

link to the Blogspot (!!!WARNING!!! the blog contains adult material and it is not safe for work): http://incaseart.blogspot.it/

nayrosartrefs:

Some awesome leg tutorials done by n3m0s1s.

(via simonist)

theolduvaigorge:

  • by Adrián, Pablos, Asiemez-OlivenciaAlfonsGara-PérezIgnaciMartínezCarloLorenzo and Juan Luis Arsuaga

“Stature estimation is as standard procedure in the fields of forensic and biological anthropology, bioarchaeology and paleanthropology, in order to gain biological insights into the individuals/populations studied. The most accurate stature estimation method is based on anatomical reconstruction (i.e., the Fully method), followed by type I regression equations (e.g., ordinary least squares—OLS) based on long bones, preferably from the lower limb. In some cases, due to the fragmentary nature of the osseous material recovered, stature estimates have to rely on other elements, such as foot remains. In this study, we explore stature estimation based on different foot bones: the talus, calcaneus, and metatarsals 1-4 in Afro- and Euroamericans of both sexes. 

The approach undertaken in this study is novel for two reasons. First, individual estimates for each bone are provided, and tarsals and metatarsals are combined in order to obtain more accurate estimates. Second, robust statistical methods are based on type I regression equations are used, namely least trimmed squares (LTS). Our results show that the best individual bones for estimating statue are the first and second metatarsal and both the talus and the calcaneus. The combination of a tarsal and a metatarsal bone slightly improves the accuracy of the stature estimate” (read more/open access).

(Open access sourceForensic Science International 226-299e1-299e7, 2013; top image: Web MD)

(via scientificillustration)

Foot reference. Right foot.

ewilloughby:

Another diagram for the upcoming evolution book!
Everything but pigeon referenced from Greg Paul diagrams; pigeon referenced from various photographs of pigeon skeletons I could find. The position of metatarsal III on the Deinonychus pes is modeled after Fowler et al. 2011.
Two interesting points as an animal becomes more “birdlike”: the hallux moves towards greater mobility, and the tarsometatarsus fuses. The tarsometatarsus of Archaeopteryx represents a unique semi-fused “transition” state between unfused and totally fused metatarsal bones.

ewilloughby:

Another diagram for the upcoming evolution book!

Everything but pigeon referenced from Greg Paul diagrams; pigeon referenced from various photographs of pigeon skeletons I could find. The position of metatarsal III on the Deinonychus pes is modeled after Fowler et al. 2011.

Two interesting points as an animal becomes more “birdlike”: the hallux moves towards greater mobility, and the tarsometatarsus fuses. The tarsometatarsus of Archaeopteryx represents a unique semi-fused “transition” state between unfused and totally fused metatarsal bones.

(via scientificillustration)

hammpix:

Folks welcomed the hand reference I posted, so here’s some foot reference.

As an artist you’ll draw A LOT of feet, especially feet that REST ON THE GROUND. Don’t be one of those artists who hides feet behind grass or mist all the time. Print these out and draw ‘em.

I included the knees because you’ll need to know how feet connect with legs; draw ‘em up to the knee.

(via theartreferences)